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美国即将启动印度-太平洋经济框架谈判

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发表于 2021-11-27 10:18:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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美国即将启动印度-太平洋经济框架谈判
美国商务部长吉娜·雷蒙多上周表示,美国计划在2022年初正式启动与印度-太平洋地区国家的经济框架谈判。
雷蒙多说,她和美国贸易代表凯瑟琳·泰最近访问了一些亚洲国家,通过讨论框架可能涵盖的问题,为该框架“奠定基础”。其中包括供应链弹性、数字贸易、基础设施、出口管制、技术标准、网络安全和半导体制造。
该框架似乎是美国加入跨太平洋战略经济伙伴关系协议(CPTPP)的替代方案。雷蒙多表示,该协议“现在不会发生”。她说,美国认为,与传统自由贸易协定所涵盖的问题相比,框架方法允许在更广泛的问题上做出更灵活的安排。这也不需要像自由贸易协定那样需要美国国会的批准。
就这一举措而言,雷蒙多指出,美国对关键材料和供应品的“友好支持”制造业感兴趣。美国确实希望在可能的情况下增加国内供应和生产,但她也明白现代生产流程包含复杂的全球供应链,而且这种情况不太可能改变。与此同时,美国希望确保这些供应链在可能的情况下通过盟国运行。(关务小二翻译仅供参考,详情请见原文)
原文
U.S. to Start Talks Soon on Indo-Pacific Economic Framework
The U.S. plans to formally launch in early 2022 talks on an economic framework with countries in the Indo-Pacific region, Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo said last week.
Raimondo said she and U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai visited a number of Asian countries recently to “lay the groundwork” for the framework by discussing the issues it might cover. Those include supply chain resiliency, digital trade, infrastructure, export controls, technology standards, cybersecurity, and semiconductor manufacturing.
The framework appears to be the U.S.’ alternative to joining the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, which Raimondo said “is not going to happen now.” She said the U.S. believes a framework approach allows for more flexible arrangements on a broader range of issues than those covered in a traditional free trade agreement. It would also not require approval by the U.S. Congress as an FTA would, she said.
In connection with this initiative Raimondo noted that the U.S. is interested in “friendshoring” manufacturing of critical materials and supplies. The U.S. does want to increase domestic supply and production where possible, Raimondo said, but it also understands that modern production processes incorporate complex global supply chains and that this is not likely to change. At the same time, the U.S. wants to ensure that those supply chains run through allied countries where possible.

来源:关务小二编译整理,转载请署源。


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