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美国众议院公布弹劾特朗普调查结果(附全文)

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发表于 2019-12-4 10:07:40 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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正当中美企业关切中美贸易战第一阶段谈判协议何时公布之际,美国当地时间12月3日,美国众议院情报委员会向所有会员和公众发布了报告草稿《特朗普-乌克兰弹劾调查报告》(调查内容长达300页)。在委员会主席将报告和任何随附材料转交给众议院司法委员会之前,委员会在当晚投票发布了该报告。

报告草稿由众议院情报,监督与改革和外交事务委员会的工作人员撰写。

《美国众议院弹劾特朗普调查报告初步结果》全文下载:
https://intelligence.house.gov/uploadedfiles/20191203_-_full_report___hpsci_impeachment_inquiry_-_20191203.pdf

该报告长达300页。其中详述了特朗普在与乌克兰总统泽连斯基“通话门”前后事件中的不当行为以及如何妨碍国会众议院进行弹劾总统调查。该报告将成为关于是否弹劾特朗普辩论的事实基础。在该报告中并未定义特朗普的行为是否构成“严重罪行和不当行为”,而是对特朗普政府相关做法给出详尽证据,包括多位证人在听证会上提及的由特朗普私人律师朱利安尼领导的“非正规外交渠道”等。


542019-12-04T09:57:54+08:00Wed, 04 Dec 2019 09:57:54 +0800Etc/GMT-8Etc/GMT-81254.png

492019-12-04T09:58:49+08:00Wed, 04 Dec 2019 09:58:49 +0800Etc/GMT-8Etc/GMT-81249.png
(美国众议院情报委员会主席亚当·希夫在华盛顿特区出席弹劾听证会)

在向所有会员和公众发布报告后,主席亚当·希夫,主席卡洛琳·马洛尼和主席埃利奥特·恩格尔说:

“我们要感谢众议院情报,监督与改革委员会以及外交事务委员会的成员和员工在过去三个月中进行这项调查并准备本报告的辛勤工作。

“有明显证据表明,特朗普总统利用其办公室的权力向乌克兰施加压力,要求对他的政治对手前副总统乔·拜登进行调查,并揭穿阴谋论,那就是乌克兰而不是俄罗斯干预了2016年大选。这些调查旨在使他的2020年总统竞选活动受益。

“证据也很清楚,特朗普总统以公开宣布这些调查为正式行为:白宫一次令人垂涎的访问和乌克兰与俄罗斯对手作斗争所需的关键美国军事援助。

“最后,证据很明显,在揭露了他确保获得连任的外国帮助的计划后,特朗普总统进行了前所未有的绝对阻挠,以掩盖他的不当行为。

“这些事情没有受到严重质疑。相反,他们明确指出,特朗普总统滥用职权谋取个人和政治利益,损害了我们的国家安全。

总统的举动破坏了我们的国家安全,破坏了下次选举的完整性,并违反了他的宣誓誓言。他还挑战了我们制衡制衡,权力分立和法治的宪法体系的核心。

“将由国会决定这些行为是否上升到可弹offense的罪行的级别,是否应追究总统的责任,以及我们作为一个国家是否致力于法治,或者是否,总统利用其办公室的权力来胁迫外国干预美国大选,这是美国人必须简单地“克服”的事情。

“随着我们报告的发布,美国人民可以亲自审查详细说明特朗普总统背叛公众信任的证据。”

如报告草案执行摘要所述,两委员会得出的结论是:

对美国第45任总统唐纳德·特朗普的弹劾调查揭露了特朗普总统为代表他在2020年大选中利用他的办公室权力要求外国干预而进行的为期几个月的努力。如本执行摘要和随后的报告所述,特朗普总统的计划颠覆了美国对乌克兰的外交政策,并破坏了我们的国家安全,而进行了两项出于政治动机的调查,这将有助于他的总统竞选。总统要求新当选的乌克兰总统沃拉迪米尔·泽伦斯基公开宣布对他显然最担心的政治对手,前副总统乔·拜登进行调查,并对不信任的理论认为是乌克兰而不是俄罗斯干预了2016年总统大选。为了迫使乌克兰总统进行政治竞标,特朗普总统以公开宣布调查为条件的两项正式行为为条件:令人垂涎的白宫访问和乌克兰与俄罗斯对手作斗争所需的关键美国军事援助。

在2019年7月25日特朗普总统与泽伦斯基总统之间的通话中,泽伦斯基总统对美国的军事援助表示感谢。特朗普总统立即回应,要求泽伦斯基总统“尽管帮个忙”,并公开敦促乌克兰调查前副总统拜登和2016年的阴谋论。反过来,总统泽伦斯基向特朗普总统保证,他将继续调查,并重申他对白宫会议的兴趣。尽管特朗普总统的计划有意绕开了许多职业人员,但它是在政府高级官员的知识和批准下实施的,其中包括总统代理参谋长米克·穆尔瓦尼,国务卿迈克·庞培和能源部长里克·佩里。实际上,在公开披露该计划几周后的一次新闻发布会上,穆尔瓦尼先生公开承认,总统将军事援助的持有与他希望乌克兰进行政治调查的愿望直接联系在一起,告诉美国人“克服它”。 ”

特朗普总统和他的高级官员可能不会发现,利用总统办公室的权力向外国施加压力,以帮助总统的竞选活动。确实,特朗普总统继续鼓励乌克兰和其他外国今天进行同样的选举干预。但是,开国元勋对首席执行官的补救措施是规定,将首席执行官的个人利益置于国家利益之上:弹.。因此,作为众议院弹劾调查的一部分,常设情报局常设委员会与监督与改革和外交事务委员会合作,被迫对总统的不当行为进行认真,严肃和迅速的调查。保证该补救措施。

作为回应,特朗普总统进行了前所未有的阻挠弹imp调查的运动。然而,由于很大程度上是因为爱国主义和勇敢的公务员向委员会提供了总统行动的直接证据,所以委员会发现了美国总统的重大不当行为。根据众议院第660号决议的要求,情报委员会与监督,改革和外交事务委员会协商,准备了本报告,以详细说明迄今发现的证据,现将其转交给司法委员会审议。

根据证人的证词和在弹劾调查期间收集的证据,两委员会发表了以下调查结果:

一、美国第45任总统唐纳德·J·特朗普(I.Donald J.Trump)亲自和通过其在美国政府内部和外部的代理行事,在2020年美国总统大选中引起了外国政府乌克兰的干涉。总统这样做是为了他的连任,以损害政治对手的选举前景,并为他的利益影响即将举行的总统大选。这样做,总统将个人的政治利益置于美国的国家利益之上,力图破坏美国总统选举程序的完整性,并危及美国的国家安全。

二、为促进这一计划,特朗普总统直接并通过其在美国政府内部和外部的代理行事,试图施加压力并诱使乌克兰新当选总统沃洛迪米尔·泽伦斯基公开宣布毫无根据的调查,这将有益于特朗普总统的个人政治利益和连任努力。为了实现个人政治目标,特朗普总统鼓励乌克兰总统与他的私人律师鲁迪·朱利安尼(Rudy Giuliani)合作。

三、作为该计划的一部分,特朗普总统以个人身份并利用其公众信任的立场行事,并亲自向乌克兰总统直接要求乌克兰政府公开宣布对(1)总统的政治对手,前副总统进行调查。小总统约瑟夫·拜登(Joseph R. Biden)和他的儿子亨特·拜登(Hunter Biden),以及(2)俄罗斯提倡的毫无根据的理论,指称乌克兰而不是俄罗斯干涉了2016年美国大选。这些调查旨在伤害特朗普总统的潜在政治对手,并有益于总统的国内政治地位。

四、特朗普总统下令中止战略伙伴乌克兰紧急需要的3.91亿美元重要军事援助,以抵抗俄罗斯的侵略。由于援助是国会两党批准的,并由总统签署成为法律,因此法律上需要支出。总统直接并通过其在美国政府内部的下属采取行动,没有任何合法的外交政策,国家安全或反腐败理由就从乌克兰撤出了这种军事援助。尽管国会长期以来得到两党的支持,总统还是这样做了,联邦部门和机构为向乌克兰提供军事援助提供了统一的支持,以及根据《封锁管理法》所承担的义务。

五、特朗普总统利用总统办公室的权力并行使了对行政部门的权力,包括对联邦政府文书的控制,向乌克兰总统和乌克兰政府施加越来越大的压力,要求他们在政治上宣布特朗普总统希望进行的有动机的调查。具体来说,为推进和促进其计划,总统保留了对乌克兰的正式有价值的作为,并以乌克兰的有利于其个人政治利益的行动为条件来履行这些义务:

特朗普总统通过美国政府内部和外部的代理人行事,在白宫举行了一次国家元首会议,乌克兰总统在乌克兰公开宣布宣布要面对俄罗斯的侵略,表明美国对乌克兰的持续支持。特朗普总统认为的调查将有助于他的连任。
为了增加对乌克兰总统的影响力,特朗普总统通过其特工和下属采取行动,有条件地释放了他在乌克兰总统公开宣布对特朗普总统寻求的调查后暂停向乌克兰提供的重要军事援助。
特朗普总统在行政部门内最亲近的下属和顾问,包括代理参谋长米克·穆尔瓦尼(Mick Mulvaney),国务卿迈克·庞培,能源部长J.理查德·佩里以及其他白宫和行政部门的高级官员都知道,在某些情况下提供了便利进一步推进了总统计划,并向国会和美国公众隐瞒了有关该计划的信息。
六、特朗普总统在指导和策划该计划以提高其个人政治利益时,并未实施,促进或推进美国的反腐败政策。实际上,总统试图向乌克兰政府施加压力,并诱使乌克兰政府宣布出于政治动机的调查,缺乏合理的依据,即美国政府否则会在该国和世界范围内反对和反对这一政策。这样做,总统破坏了支持乌克兰反腐败改革和法治的美国政策,破坏了美国的国家安全。

七、特朗普总统拒绝提供战略性外国伙伴政府的重要军事援助和外交支持,该政府参与了俄罗斯非法鼓动的持续军事冲突,从而损害了国家安全,以增进其个人政治利益。

八、面对其行动的启示,特朗普总统公开并一再坚持敦促包括乌克兰和中国在内的外国政府对他的政治对手进行调查。持续不断地要求外国人干涉美国大选,这显然带来了当前的危险,即总统将继续利用其职务的权力谋取个人政治利益。

九、特朗普总统利用总统办公室的权力并行使对行政部门的权力,下令并实施了一场运动,以向公众隐瞒他的举动,并挫败并阻碍众议院的弹劾调查,方法是:

拒绝合法的传票,向弹劾调查的调查委员会提供白宫拥有的信息和记录;
指示行政部门的机构无视合法传票,并拒绝调查委员会提供所有文件和记录;
指示现任和前执行科官员不要与委员会合作,包括无视合法传票作证;和
在弹inquiry调查中恐吓,威胁和篡改准证人和实际证人,以防止,延误或影响这些证人的证词。
这样,尽管《宪法》赋予众议院“弹劾的唯一权力”,但总统仍在寻求自行决定弹劾质询的适当性,范围和性质的权利。不当行为,以及在履行其宪法责任时拒绝向国会提供任何和所有信息的权利。

单击此处阅读报告草稿。


美国众议院情报委员会原文:
Washington, DC – Today, the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence released the draft report – “The Trump-Ukraine Impeachment Inquiry Report” – to all Members and the public. The Committee will vote tonight to issue the report, before the Chairman of the Committee transmits it and any accompanying materials to the House Judiciary Committee consistent with H.Res. 660.
The draft report was written by the staff of the House Intelligence, Oversight and Reform and Foreign Affairs Committees.
After releasing the report to all Members and the public, Chairman Adam Schiff, Chairwoman Carolyn B. Maloney and Chairman Eliot Engel stated:
“We want to thank the Members and staff of the House Intelligence, Oversight and Reform, and Foreign Affairs Committees for their hard work in conducting this investigation over the last three months and preparing this report.
“The evidence is clear that President Trump used the power of his office to pressure Ukraine into announcing investigations into his political rival, former Vice President Joe Biden, and a debunked conspiracy theory that it was Ukraine, not Russia, that interfered in the 2016 election. These investigations were designed to benefit his 2020 presidential reelection campaign.
“The evidence is also clear that President Trump conditioned official acts on the public announcement of these investigations: a coveted White House visit and critical U.S. military assistance Ukraine needed to fight its Russian adversary.
“Finally, the evidence is clear that after his scheme to secure foreign help in his reelection was uncovered, President Trump engaged in categorical and unprecedented obstruction in order to cover-up his misconduct.
“These matters are not seriously contested. To the contrary, they make it plain that President Trump abused the power of his office for personal and political gain, at the expense of our national security.
“The President’s actions have damaged our national security, undermined the integrity of the next election, and violated his oath of office. They have also challenged the very core of our Constitutional system of checks and balances, separation of powers, and rule of law.
“It will be up to the Congress to determine whether these acts rise to the level of an impeachable offense, whether the President shall be held to account, and whether we as a nation are committed to the rule of law—or, instead, whether a president who uses the power of his office to coerce foreign interference in a U.S. election is something that Americans must simply ‘get over.’
“With the release of our report, the American people can review for themselves the evidence detailing President Trump’s betrayal of the public trust.”
As stated in the Executive Summary to the draft report, the Committees concluded that:
The impeachment inquiry into Donald J. Trump, the 45th President of the United States, uncovered a months-long effort by President Trump to use the powers of his office to solicit foreign interference on his behalf in the 2020 election.  As described in this executive summary and the report that follows, President Trump’s scheme subverted U.S. foreign policy toward Ukraine and undermined our national security in favor of two politically motivated investigations that would help his presidential reelection campaign.  The President demanded that the newly-elected Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, publicly announce investigations into a political rival that he apparently feared the most, former Vice President Joe Biden, and into a discredited theory that it was Ukraine, not Russia, that interfered in the 2016 presidential election.  To compel the Ukrainian President to do his political bidding, President Trump conditioned two official acts on the public announcement of the investigations:  a coveted White House visit and critical U.S. military assistance Ukraine needed to fight its Russian adversary.

During a July 25, 2019, call between President Trump and President Zelensky, President Zelensky expressed gratitude for U.S. military assistance.  President Trump immediately responded by asking President Zelensky to “do us a favor though” and openly pressed for Ukraine to investigate former Vice President Biden and the 2016 conspiracy theory.  In turn, President Zelensky assured President Trump that he would pursue the investigation and reiterated his interest in the White House meeting.  Although President Trump’s scheme intentionally bypassed many career personnel, it was undertaken with the knowledge and approval of senior Administration officials, including the President’s Acting Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and Secretary of Energy Rick Perry.  In fact, at a press conference weeks after public revelations about the scheme, Mr. Mulvaney publicly acknowledged that the President directly tied the hold on military aid to his desire to get Ukraine to conduct a political investigation, telling Americans to “get over it.”

President Trump and his senior officials may see nothing wrong with using the power of the Office of the President to pressure a foreign country to help the President’s reelection campaign.  Indeed, President Trump continues to encourage Ukraine and other foreign countries to engage in the same kind of election interference today.  However, the Founding Fathers prescribed a remedy for a chief executive who places his personal interests above those of the country:  impeachment.  Accordingly, as part of the House of Representatives’ impeachment inquiry, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, in coordination with the Committees on Oversight and Reform and Foreign Affairs, were compelled to undertake a serious, sober, and expeditious investigation into whether the President’s misconduct warrants that remedy.

In response, President Trump engaged in an unprecedented campaign of obstruction of this impeachment inquiry.  Nevertheless, due in large measure to patriotic and courageous public servants who provided the Committees with direct evidence of the President’s actions, the Committees uncovered significant misconduct on the part of the President of the United States.  As required under House Resolution 660, the Intelligence Committee, in consultation with the Committees on Oversight and Reform and Foreign Affairs, has prepared this report to detail the evidence uncovered to date, which will now be transmitted to the Judiciary Committee for its consideration.

Based on witness testimony and evidence collected during the impeachment inquiry, the Committees released the following findings:
I. Donald J. Trump, the 45th President of the United States—acting personally and through his agents within and outside of the U.S. government—solicited the interference of a foreign government, Ukraine, in the 2020 U.S. presidential election.  The President engaged in this course of conduct for the benefit of his reelection, to harm the election prospects of a political opponent, and to influence our nation’s upcoming presidential election to his advantage.  In so doing, the President placed his personal political interests above the national interests of the United States, sought to undermine the integrity of the U.S. presidential election process, and endangered U.S. national security.
II.  In furtherance of this scheme, President Trump—directly and acting through his agents within and outside the U.S. government—sought to pressure and induce Ukraine’s newly-elected president, Volodymyr Zelensky, to publicly announce unfounded investigations that would benefit President Trump’s personal political interests and reelection effort.  To advance his personal political objectives, President Trump encouraged the President of Ukraine to work with his personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani.
III.  As part of this scheme, President Trump, acting in his official capacity and using his position of public trust, personally and directly requested from the President of Ukraine that the government of Ukraine publicly announce investigations into (1) the President’s political opponent, former Vice President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. and his son, Hunter Biden, and (2) a baseless theory promoted by Russia alleging that Ukraine—rather than Russia—interfered in the 2016 U.S. election.  These investigations were intended to harm a potential political opponent of President Trump and benefit the President’s domestic political standing.
IV.  President Trump ordered the suspension of $391 million in vital military assistance urgently needed by Ukraine, a strategic partner, to resist Russian aggression.  Because the aid was appropriated by Congress, on a bipartisan basis, and signed into law by the President, its expenditure was required by law.  Acting directly and through his subordinates within the U.S. government, the President withheld from Ukraine this military assistance without any legitimate foreign policy, national security, or anti-corruption justification.  The President did so despite the longstanding bipartisan support of Congress, uniform support across federal departments and agencies for the provision to Ukraine of the military assistance, and his obligations under the Impoundment Control Act.
V.   President Trump used the power of the Office of the President and exercised his authority over the Executive Branch, including his control of the instruments of the federal government, to apply increasing pressure on the President of Ukraine and the Ukrainian government to announce the politically-motivated investigations desired by President Trump.  Specifically, to advance and promote his scheme, the President withheld official acts of value to Ukraine and conditioned their fulfillment on actions by Ukraine that would benefit his personal political interests:

    • President Trump—acting through agents within and outside the U.S. government—conditioned a head of state meeting at the White House, which the President of Ukraine desperately sought to demonstrate continued United States support for Ukraine in the face of Russian aggression, on Ukraine publicly announcing the investigations that President Trump believed would aid his reelection campaign.
    • To increase leverage over the President of Ukraine, President Trump, acting through his agents and subordinates, conditioned release of the vital military assistance he had suspended to Ukraine on the President of Ukraine’s public announcement of the investigations that President Trump sought.
    • President Trump’s closest subordinates and advisors within the Executive Branch, including Acting Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Secretary of Energy J. Richard Perry, and other senior White House and Executive Branch officials had knowledge of, in some cases facilitated and furthered the President’s scheme, and withheld information about the scheme from the Congress and the American public.
VI.  In directing and orchestrating this scheme to advance his personal political interests, President Trump did not implement, promote, or advance U.S. anti-corruption policies.  In fact, the President sought to pressure and induce the government of Ukraine to announce politically-motivated investigations lacking legitimate predication that the U.S. government otherwise discourages and opposes as a matter of policy in that country and around the world.  In so doing, the President undermined U.S. policy supporting anti-corruption reform and the rule of law in Ukraine, and undermined U.S. national security.
VII.  By withholding vital military assistance and diplomatic support from a strategic foreign partner government engaged in an ongoing military conflict illegally instigated by Russia, President Trump compromised national security to advance his personal political interests.
VIII. Faced with the revelation of his actions, President Trump publicly and repeatedly persisted in urging foreign governments, including Ukraine and China, to investigate his political opponent.  This continued solicitation of foreign interference in a U.S. election presents a clear and present danger that the President will continue to use the power of his office for his personal political gain.
IX. Using the power of the Office of the President, and exercising his authority over the Executive Branch, President Trump ordered and implemented a campaign to conceal his conduct from the public and frustrate and obstruct the House of Representatives’ impeachment inquiry by:

    • refusing to produce to the impeachment inquiry’s investigating Committees information and records in the possession of the White House, in defiance of a lawful subpoena;
    • directing Executive Branch agencies to defy lawful subpoenas and withhold the production of all documents and records from the investigating Committees;
    • directing current and former Executive Branch officials not to cooperate with the Committees, including in defiance of lawful subpoenas for testimony; and
    • intimidating, threatening, and tampering with prospective and actual witnesses in the impeachment inquiry in an effort to prevent, delay, or influence the testimony of those witnesses.
In so doing, and despite the fact that the Constitution vests in the House of Representatives the “sole Power of Impeachment,” the President sought to arrogate to himself the right to determine the propriety, scope, and nature of an impeachment inquiry into his own misconduct, and the right to deny any and all information to the Congress in the conduct of its constitutional responsibilities.


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发表于 2019-12-5 08:19:36 | 显示全部楼层
支持弹劾!!!!!!!
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发表于 2019-12-5 09:49:04 | 显示全部楼层
美国宪法是否允许隔一届再当总统呢,或许奥巴马再冲刺一下竞选。

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哈哈,白宫请愿网发起:请求奥巴马担任下一届美国总统  发表于 2019-12-5 14:23
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发表于 2020-1-6 12:32:33 | 显示全部楼层

支持弹劾!!!!!!!
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发表于 2020-1-16 14:28:39 | 显示全部楼层
现在看来,特总统还是会连任的。没悬念。
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